I'm not a lawyer, but I just did some reading on this. This article was helpful:http://www-personal.umich.edu/~jdlitman/papers/LawfulPersonalUse.pdf
It's not at all clear to me that MrPillow needs to obtain the copyright holder's permission. He is proposing a private, non-commercial use of the material (with presumably a limited audience, not like MP3-sharers who share files with thousands of their closest friends). This may fall under the Fair Use exceptions.
What is Fair Use and what is not (according to this article) is not fixed by statute, but evolves as the court interprets it. 100 years ago Harriet Beecher Stowe lost a lawsuit claiming copyright infringement for someone who translated Uncle Tom's Cabin into German without her permission. That wouldn't be the result today.
Here's a quote from the article:With a definition of personal use to work with, we can start to map out
which personal uses are lawful and which infringe. A standard paradigm for
construing the copyright law holds that any unlicensed use that falls within
the literal terms of § 106, which gives copyright owners control over fixed
reproductions, adaptations, and public distributions, performances, and
displays,135 violates the copyright law unless it comes within the terms of an
express statutory exemption.136 As I will explore in detail below, I believe
that rubric is at best misleading, but it will give us a place to begin. Even if
the standard paradigm accurately describes the law, there is a large class of
personal uses that are simply outside of the scope of the current copyright
statute. That zone, smaller than it used to be, includes all private performances
and displays.137 It includes all private distributions, since the copyright
owner’s distribution right is limited to distributions “to the public.”138 Copyright
owners have no copyright rights that would allow them to control
private performances, displays, or distributions. Nor have copyright owners
any right to prohibit people from making unfixed reproductions of copyrighted
If that interpretation is correct and current, it would seem to allow MrPillow's proposed use.
Copyright lawyers cheerfully invited to stomp all over me.